Thursday, September 4, 2014

Nonprofit organization

Nonprofit organization refers to an organization that uses surplus fund to achieve its goals rather than to distribute them as profit or dividends. USA defer to the IRS designation conferred under United States Internal Revenue Code Section 501(c) when the IRS deems an organization eligible.

While NPOs are permitted to generate surplus revenues they must be retained by the organization for its self-preservation, expansion, or plans. NPOs have controlling boards or members. Many have paid staff including management, while others employ unpaid volunteers and even executives who work without compensation, or less compensation. Where, there is a token fee, in general, it is used to meet legal requirements for establishing a contract between the organization and executive.

Designation as a nonprofit and an intent to make money are not related in the USA. This says that nothing can be conferred by the declaration. It is unclear whether, or not this holds outside of the U.S.A, such inference is the purpose of the Internal Revenue Code, Section 501(c). The extent to which an NPO can generate surplus revenues may be constrained, or use of surplus revenues may be restricted.

Nature and Objectives
Some Non Profit Organizations may also be a charity or service organization; they may be organized as a not-for-profit corporation or as a trust, a cooperative. A very similar type of organization termed a “supporting organization” operates like, a foundation, but they are more complicated to administer, hold more favorable tax status and are restricted in the public charities they support,

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